Ten Great Religions An Essay in Comparative Theology

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2005
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            Chapter I.

            Introduction.—Ethnic and Catholic Religions.

            § 1. Object of the present Work

            § 2. Comparative Theology; its Nature, Value, and present Position

            § 3. Ethnic Religions. Injustice often done to them by Christian Apologists

            § 4. How Ethnic Religions were regarded by Christ and his Apostles

            § 5. Comparative Theology will furnish a new Class of Evidences in Support of Christianity

            § 6. It will show that, while most of the Religions of the World are Ethnic, or the Religions of Races, Christianity is Catholic, or adapted to become the Religion of all Races

            § 7. It will show that Ethnic Religions are partial, Christianity universal

            § 8. It will show that Ethnic Religions are arrested, but that Christianity is steadily progressive

            Chapter II.

            Confucius and the Chinese, or the Prose of Asia.

            § 1. Peculiarities of Chinese Civilization

            § 2. Chinese Government based on Education. Civil-Service Examinations

            § 3. Life and Character of Confucius

            § 4. Philosophy and subsequent Development of Confucianism

            § 5. Lao-tse and Tao-ism

            § 6. Religious Character of the "Kings."

            § 7. Confucius and Christianity. Character of the Chinese

            § 8. The Tae-ping Insurrection

            Note. The Nestorian Inscription in China

            Chapter III.

            Brahmanism.

            § 1. Our Knowledge of Brahmanism. Sir William Jones

            § 2. Difficulty of this Study. The Complexity of the System. The Hindoos have no History. Their Ultra-Spiritualism

            § 3. Helps from Comparative Philology. The Aryans in Central Asia

            § 4. The Aryans in India. The Native Races. The Vedic Age. Theology of the Vedas

            § 5. Second Period. Laws of Manu. The Brahmanic Age

            § 6. The Three Hindoo Systems of Philosophy,—The Sankhya, Vedanta, and Nyasa

            § 7. Origin of the Hindoo Triad

            § 8. The Epics, the Puranas, and Modern Hindoo Worship

            § 9. Relation of Brahmanism to Christianity

            Chapter IV.

            Buddhism, or the Protestantism of the East.

            § 1. Buddhism, in its Forms, resembles Romanism; in its Spirit, Protestantism

            § 2. Extent of Buddhism. Its Scriptures

            § 3. Sakya-muni, the Founder of Buddhism

            § 4. Leading Doctrines of Buddhism

            § 5. The Spirit of Buddhism Rational and Humane

            § 6. Buddhism as a Religion

            § 7. Karma and Nirvana

            § 8. Good and Evil of Buddhism

            § 9. Relation of Buddhism to Christianity

            Chapter V.

            Zoroaster and the Zend Avesta.

            § 1. Ruins of the Palace of Xerxes at Persepolis

            § 2. Greek Accounts of Zoroaster. Plutarch's Description of his Religion

            § 3. Anquetil du Perron and his Discovery of the Zend Avesta

            § 4. Epoch of Zoroaster. What do we know of him?

            § 5. Spirit of Zoroaster and of his Religion

            § 6. Character of the Zend Avesta

            § 7. Later Development of the System in the Bundehesch

            § 8. Relation of the Religion of the Zend Avesta to that of the Vedas

            § 9. Is Monotheism or pure Dualism the Doctrine of the Zend Avesta

            § 10. Relation of this System to Christianity. The Kingdom of Heaven

            Chapter VI.

            The Gods of Egypt.

            § 1. Antiquity and Extent of Egyptian Civilization

            § 2. Religious Character of the Egyptians. Their Ritual

            § 3. Theology of Egypt. Sources of our Knowledge concerning it

            § 4. Central Idea of Egyptian Theology and Religion. Animal Worship

            § 5. Sources of Egyptian Theology. Age of the Empire and Affinities of the Race

            § 6. The Three Orders of Gods

            § 7. Influence upon Judaism and Christianity

            Chapter VII.

            The Gods Of Greece.

            § 1. The Land and the Race

            § 2. Idea and general Character of Greek Religion

            § 3. The Gods of Greece before Homer

            § 4. The Gods of the Poets

            § 5. The Gods of the Artists

            § 6. The Gods of the Philosophers

            § 7. Worship of Greece

            § 8. The Mysteries. Orphism

            § 9. Relation of Greek Religion to Christianity

            Chapter VIII.

            The Religion of Rome.

            § 1. Origin and essential Character of the Religion of Rome

            § 2. The Gods of Rome

            § 3. Worship and Ritual

            § 4. The Decay of the Roman Religion

            § 5. Relation of the Roman Religion to Christianity

            Chapter IX.

            The Teutonic and Scandinavian Religion.

            § 1. The Land and the Race

            § 2. Idea of the Scandinavian Religion

            § 3. The Eddas and their Contents

            § 4. The Gods of Scandinavia

            § 5. Resemblance of the Scandinavian Mythology to that of Zoroaster

            § 6. Scandinavian Worship

            § 7. Social Character, Maritime Discoveries, and Political Institutions of the Scandinavians

            § 8. Relation of this System to Christianity

            Chapter X.

            The Jewish Religion.

            § 1. Palestine, and the Semitic Races

            § 2. Abraham; or, Judaism as the Family Worship of a Supreme Being

            § 3. Moses; or, Judaism as the national Worship of a just and holy King

            § 4. David; or, Judaism as the personal Worship of a Father and Friend

            § 5. Solomon; or, the Religious Relapse

            § 6. The Prophets; or, Judaism as a Hope of a spiritual and universal Kingdom of God

            § 7. Judaism as a Preparation for Christianity

            Chapter XI.

            Mohammed and Islam.

            § 1. Recent Works on the Life of Mohammed

            § 2. The Arabs and Arabia

            § 3. Early Life of Mohammed, to the Hegira

            § 4. Change in the Character of Mohammed after the Hegira

            § 5. Religious Doctrines and Practices among the Mohammedans

            § 6. The Criticism of Mr. Palgrave on Mohammedan Theology

            § 7. Mohammedanism a Relapse; the worst Form of Monotheism, and a retarding Element in Civilization

            Note

            Chapter XII.

            The Ten Religions and Christianity.

            § 1. General Results of this Survey

            § 2. Christianity a Pleroma, or Fulness of Life

            § 3. Christianity, as a Pleroma, compared with Brahmanism, Confucianism, and Buddhism

            § 4. Christianity compared with the Avesta and the Eddas. The Duad in all Religions

            § 5. Christianity and the Religions of Egypt, Greece, and Rome

            § 6. Christianity in Relation to Judaism and Mohammedanism. The Monad in all Religions

            § 7. The Fulness of Christianity is derived from the Life of Jesus

            § 8. Christianity as a Religion of Progress and of universal Unity