Chapter IV: EDUCATION

Article 27. Education for persons with disabilities

The State shall create conditions for persons with disabilities to study in conformity with their own needs and capabilities.

Persons with disabilities may be admitted to school at ages higher than the ages prescribed for general education; are given priority in enrolment; are entitled to exemption from or reduction of certain study subjects or educational contents and activities beyond their personal capabilities and to exemption from or reduction of school fees, training expenses and other contributions: and are considered for provision of scholarships and learning equipment.

Persons with disabilities shall be provided with equipment and materials in support of their exclusive learning in case of necessity; persons with sensory disabilities may have their learning in sign language, persons with visual disabilities may have their learning in Braille under the national standards.

The Minister of Education and Training shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Minister of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs and the Minister of Finance in, detailing Clause 2 of this Article.

Article 28. Modes of education applicable to persons with disabilities

1. Education applicable to persons with disabilities includes integrative education, semi-integrative education and exclusive education.

2. Integrative education is the main mode of education for persons with disabilities.

Semi-integrative education and exclusive education will be implemented if conditions for persons with disabilities to study by integrative education are not yet fully met.

3. Persons with disabilities, their parents or guardians shall opt for modes of education suitable to the personal development of persons with disabilities. Families shall create favorable conditions and opportunities for their members with disabilities to study and develop according to their personal capabilities.

The State encourages persons with disabilities to learn by the mode of integrative education.

Article 29. Teachers. education administrators and education support personnel

1. Teachers and education administrators participating in the education of persons with disabilities and personnel supporting the education of persons with disabilities shall be trained and updated in profession and skills to meet the requirements of education of persons with disabilities.

2. Teachers and education administrators participating in the education of persons with disabilities and personnel supporting the education of persons with disabilities are entitled to allowances and incentives under the Government's regulations.

Article 30. Responsibilities of educational institutions

1. To ensure teaching and learning conditions suitable to persons with disabilities, to be disallowed to refuse admission of persons with disabilities in contravention of law.

2. To renovate and upgrade physical teaching and learning foundations which fail to meet the conditions on access by persons with disabilities.

Article 31. Integrative education development support centers

1. Integrative education development support centers are establishments which provide teaching and learning programs, equipment, documents as well as education consultancy services and support, or organize education, suitable to the characters and circumstances of persons with disabilities.

2. Integrative education development support centers have the following tasks:

a) To detect disabilities so as to advise on the selection of appropriate modes of education;

b) To take early intervention measures at communities so as to opt for appropriate modes of education for persons with disabilities:

c) To provide psychological, health, educational and vocational consultancy in order to select appropriate modes of education;

d) To support persons with disabilities in families, at educational institutions and communities;

e) To provide peculiar teaching and learning programs, equipment and documents suitable to every form and degree of disability.

3. The establishment and operation of integrative education development support centers must satisfy the following conditions:

a) Having material foundations, equipment and support services suitable to the characteristics of persons with disabilities:

b) Having the contingent of cadres, teachers and education-supporting personnel with professional qualifications suitable to various modes of education applicable to persons with disabilities:

c) Having education and retraining programs and counseling materials suitable to various modes of education applicable to persons with disabilities.

4. Chairpersons of provincial-level People's Committees shall establish or license the establishment of integrative education development support centers.

5. The Minister of Education and Training shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Minister of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affair in, specifying the conditions for establishment and operation of integrative education development support centers defined in Clause 3 of this Article.