Sanders' Union Fourth Reader

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Published year
2005
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*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK SANDERS' UNION FOURTH READER ***

Produced by David Garcia, Tonya Allen, Charles Franks, and the Distributed Proofreaders

     
      
      
      
      
      
 SANDERS' UNION FOURTH READER:

 EMBRACING A FULL EXPOSITION OF THE
 PRINCIPLES OF RHETORICAL READING;
 WITH
 NUMEROUS EXERCISES FOR PRACTICE,
 BOTH IN PROSE AND POETRY, VARIOUS IN STYLE, AND CAREFULLY ADAPTED TO THE PURPOSES OF TEACHING IN SCHOOLS OF EVERY GRADE.
 BY CHARLES W. SANDERS, A.M.

     
  

 [Transcriber's Note: Advertising page of other Sanders' Readers removed.]
      
      
      
      
      
      
 PREFACE.

     THIS FOURTH READER is designed to pass the pupil from the comparatively easy ground occupied by the THIRD to the more difficult course embraced in THE UNION FIFTH READER, which is next higher in the series. It is, therefore, carefully graded to this intermediate position.
     In one sense, however, it is the most important in the set; since the great mass of pupils, in our common schools, are drawn away from scholastic pursuits long before the proper time for entering upon any course of reading more advanced than that which is here presented. This consideration has had its full weight in the preparation of the following pages.
     Every exercise will be found to bear the impress of that special adaptation to the purposes of teaching, without which no book of this kind can fully perform the office which it assumes. The labor expended in this direction, though all unseen by the casual observer, has been neither light nor brief. It can be duly appreciated by none but the experienced teacher.
     All words in the exercises, requiring explanation, have been arranged, as regular lessons in spelling and definition. In these definitions, however, it must be kept in mind, that no attempt has been made to give all the meanings of which a word is susceptible, but that only which it bears in the particular place in the exercise where it is found. There is a special educational advantage in thus leading the mind of the pupil definitely to fix upon the precise import of a word, in some particular use or application of it.
     All proper names occurring in the text, and at all likely to embarrass the learner, have been explained in brief, comprehensive notes. These notes involve many matters, Geographical, Biographical, and Historical, which are not a little interesting in themselves, aside from the special purpose subserved by them in the present connection.
     All this has been done, and more, in order to secure that kind of interest in the exercises which comes of reading what is clearly understood; and because no perfect reading is possible, where the reader himself fails to perceive the meaning of what he reads.
     In the selection and adaptation of the pieces, the highest aim has been to make and to leave the best moral impression; and this, not by dull and formal teachings, but by the pleasanter, and, therefore, more powerful, means of incidental and unexpected suggestion. Admonition is then most likely to be heeded, when it comes through the channel of events and circumstances.
     The direct and ostensible aim of the book, however, has been kept steadily in view; which is to furnish the best possible exercises for practice in Rhetorical reading. To this end, the greatest variety of style and sentiment has been sought. There is scarcely a tone or modulation, of which the human voice is capable, that finds not here some piece adapted precisely to its best expression. There is not an inflection, however delicate, not an emphasis, however slight, however strong, that does not here meet with something fitted well for its amplest illustration. No tenderness of pathos, no earnestness of thought, no play of wit, no burst of passion, is there, perhaps, of which the accomplished teacher of Elocution may not find the proper style of expression in these pages, and, consequently, the best examples for the illustration of his art.
     The book, thus briefly described, is, therefore, given to the public with the same confidence that has hitherto inspired the author in similar efforts, and with the hope that it may reach even a higher measure of usefulness than that attained by any of its predecessors, in the long line of works which he has prepared for the use of schools.
     NEW YORK, April, 1863.
      
      
      
      
      
      
 CONTENTS.

 PART FIRST.
 ELOCUTION.

     SECTION I.—ARTICULATION
    ELEMENTARY SOUNDS OF THE LETTERS
   SUBSTITUTES FOR THE VOWEL ELEMENTS
   SUBSTITUTES FOR THE CONSONANT ELEMENTS
   ERRORS IN ARTICULATION
   COMBINATIONS OF CONSONANTS
   EXAMPLES TO ILLUSTRATE INDISTINCT ARTICULATION
   MISCELLANEOUS EXAMPLES
     SECTION II—ACCENT AND EMPHASIS
    EXAMPLES OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY ACCENT
   EXAMPLES OF INTENSIVE EMPHASIS
   EXAMPLES OF ABSOLUTE EMPHASIS
   EXAMPLES OF ANTITHETIC EMPHASIS
     SECTION III.—INFLECTIONS
    MONOTONE
   RISING AND FALLING INFLECTIONS
   RULES FOR THE USE OF INFLECTIONS
   THE CIRCUMFLEX
     SECTION IV.—MODULATION
    PITCH OF VOICE
   QUANTITY
   RULES FOR QUANTITY
   QUALITY
   RULES FOR QUALITY
     NOTATION IN MODULATION
    EXAMPLES FOR EXERCISE IN MODULATION
   SECTION V.—THE RHETORICAL PAUSE
 PART SECOND.

     1. TRUE HEROISM, Adapted. Osborne
     2. YOU AND I, Charles Mackay
     3. LIFE'S WORK
     4. THE YOUNG CAPTIVES
     5. MY MOTHER'S LAST KISS, Mrs. E. Oakes Smith
     6. THE DEAD CHILD'S FORD, Mrs. E. Oakes Smith
     7. LAME AND LAZY—A Fable
     8. FAITHFULNESS IN LITTLE THINGS, Adapted, Eliza A. Chase
     9. THE AMERICAN BOY
     10. THE SAILOR BOY'S SONG
     11. CHASE OF THE PET FAWN, Adapted. Miss Cooper
     12. KINDNESS
     13. CARELESS WORDS
     14. WEBSTER AND THE WOODCHUCK, Adapted. Boston Traveler
     15. DO IT YOURSELF
     16. BETTER LATE THAN NEVER
     17. THE ADOPTED CHILD, Mrs. Hemans
     18. THE OLD EAGLE TREE, Rev. John Todd
     19. THE LIGHT OF KNOWLEDGE, Elihu Burritt
     20. NIGHT'S LESSONS, L.H. Sigourney
     21. NATURE'S TEACHINGS, Chambers' Journal
     22. SOWING AND HARVESTING, Anon.
     23. A THRILLING INCIDENT, Adapted. Anon.
     24. THE TRUTHFUL KING
     25. WHEN SHALL I ANSWER, NO, J.N. McElligott
     26. TO MASTER ROBERT AND JOHN, Davis
     27. WHANG, THE MILLER, Goldsmith
     28. CHIMNEY-SWALLOWS, Henry Ward Beecher
     29. THE DOUBTING HEART, Adelaide Procter
     30. THE COMING OF WINTER, T.B. Read
     31. CHILD TIRED OF PLAY, N.P. Willis
     32. THE RESCUE, By a Sea Captain
     33. ROBERT BRUCE AND THE SCOTCH WOMAN
     34. ROBERT BRUCE AND THE SPIDER, Bernard Barton
     35. WEALTH AND FASHION
     36. MY FIRST JACK-KNIFE
     37. THE PINE-TREE SHILLINGS, Nathaniel Hawthorne
     38. HIAWATHA'S HUNTING, Longfellow
     39. DESPERATE ENCOUNTER WITH A PANTHER, Bk. of Adventures
     40. THE POWER OF HABIT, John B. Gough
     41. THE DRUNKARD'S DAUGHTER
     42. THE TWO YOUNG TRAVELERS, Adapted. Merry's Museum
     43. HIGHER!
     44. LABOR, Caroline F. Orne
     45. THE AMBITIOUS APPRENTICE
     46. SO WAS FRANKLIN, Anon.
     47. NOW AND THEN, Jane Taylor
     48. AN INGENIOUS STRATAGEM, Days of Washington
     49. FRANCES SLOCUM, THE YOUNG CAPTIVE, B.J. Lossing
     50. THE RAIN-DROPS, Delia Louise Colton
     51. SMALL THINGS, F. Bennoch
     52. MURDERER'S CREEK, James K. Paulding
     53. NAPOLEON'S ARMY CROSSING THE ALPS, Adapted. Anon.
     54. WHERE THERE'S A WILL THERE'S A WAY, Eliza Cook
     55. "I CAN"
     56. NOW, TO-DAY, Adelaide A. Procter
     57. CAPTURE OF MAJOR ANDRE
     58. BENEDICT ARNOLD
     59. BEHIND TIME, Freeman Hunt
     60. HOW HAPPY I'LL BE
     61. THE SWORD OF BUNKER HILL, William R. Wallace
     62. BIBLE LEGEND OF THE WISSAHIKON, Lippard
     63. ADVICE TO THE YOUNG, E.H. Chapin
     64. THE INTREPID YOUTH
     65. THE FOUR MISFORTUNES, John G. Saxe
     66. MRS. CREDULOUS AND THE FORTUNE-TELLER
     67. FAITH, HOPE, AND CHARITY—An Allegory
     68. NOT TO MYSELF ALONE, S.W. Partridge
     69. THE WORLD WOULD BE THE BETTER FOR IT, W.H. Cobb
     70. SELECT PROVERBS OF SOLOMON, Bible
     71. WINTER BEAUTY, Henry Ward Beecher
     72. FROSTED TREES
     73. THE MOUNTAINS OF LIFE, James G. Clark
     74. IMAGINARY EVILS, Chas. Swain
     75. SIR WALTER AND THE LION, A. Walchner
     76. CHOICE EXTRACTS
     I. WHAT REALLY BENEFITS US.
    II. GOD'S LOVE.
    III. LIFE-WORK.
    IV. HUMILITY.
    V. BENEFITS OF ADVERSITY.
    VI. OUR MOUNTAIN HOMES.
    VII. MAKE A BEGINNING.
    VIII. INFLUENCE.
    IX. PLEASURE IN ACQUIRING KNOWLEDGE.
    X. WHAT IS FAME?
    XI. CULTIVATED INTELLECT.
    XII. GOD'S WORKS ATTEST HIS GREATNESS.
     77. CAPTURE OF THE WHALE
     78. LEAVES FROM AN AERONAUT, Willis Gaylord Clark
     79. THE DAPPLE MARE, John G. Saxe
     80. A LEAP FOR LIFE, George P. Morris
     81. THE INDIAN BRIDE'S REVENGE, Adapted. L.M. Stowell
     82. A MOTHER'S LOVE, Albert Barnes
     83. THE LIFE-BOOK, Home Journal
     84. ODE ON SOLITUDE, Pope
     85. GETTING THE RIGHT START, J.G. Holland
     86. THE PRESUMPTION OF YOUTH, Rollin
     87. SONG OF THE AMERICAN EAGLE
     89. LAST CRUISE OF THE MONITOR, Adapted. Grenville M. Weeks
     90. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF WOMEN, Gail Hamilton
     91. SCENE FROM WILLIAM TELL, J. Sheridan Knowles
     92. THE RICH MAN AND THE POOR MAN, Khemnitzer
     93. GRANDEUR OF THE OCEAN, Walter Colton
     94. A BURIAL AT SEA, Walter Colton
     95. THE TREASURES OF THE DEEP, Mrs. Hemans
     96. THE BRIDGE OF SIGHS, Thomas Hood
     97. A REQUIEM
     98. VISIT TO MOUNT VERNON, A.C. Ritchie
     99. LA FAYETTE, Charles Sprague
     100. THE MYSTIC WEAVER, Rev. Dr. Harbaugh
     101. WORK AWAY, Harpers' Magazine
     102. QUEEN ISABELLA'S RESOLVE, Vinet
     103. DISCOVERY OF THE NEW WORLD, Lamartine
     104. THE RETURN OF COLUMBUS, Vinet
     105. TWO HUNDRED YEARS AGO, Grenville Mellen
     106. PRESS ON, Park Benjamin
     107. THE THREE FORMS OF NATURE, From the French of Michelet
     108. THE WHALE AND THE WHALER, From the French of Michelet
     109. RIENZI'S ADDRESS TO THE ROMANS, Miss Mitford
     110. SONG OF THE FORGE
     111. CHOICE EXTRACTS
      I. SWIFTNESS OF TIME.
     II. THE SHIP OF STATE.
     III. THE TRUE HERO.
     IV. HEART ESSENTIAL TO GENIUS.
     V. EDUCATION.
     VI. VANITY OF WEALTH.
     VII. CONSOLATION OF THE GOSPEL.
     VIII. THE LIGHT OF HOPE.
     IX. PAMPERING THE BODY AND STARVING THE SOUL.
     112. WE ALL DO FADE AS A LEAF, Gail Hamilton
     113. TEACHINGS OF NATURE, Pollok
     114. PASSING UNDER THE ROD, Mary S.B. Dana
     115. THE PETULANT MAN, Osborne
     116. THE BRAHMIN AND THE ROGUES, Versified by J.N. McElligott
     117. LIVING WITHIN OUR MEANS, S.W. Partridge
     118. GRANDEUR OF THE UNIVERSE, O.M. Mitchel
     119. "WHOM HAVE I IN HEAVEN BUT THEE?", Pamelia S. Vining
     120. THE MEMORY OF WASHINGTON, Kossuth
     121. THE LOST ONE'S LAMENT
      
      
      
      
      
      
 EXPLANATION OF THE PAUSES.