Sinking of the Titanic and Great Sea Disaster
*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK SINKING OF THE TITANIC ***
Produced by Charles Keller, Mike Lough, and David Widger
SINKING OF THE TITANIC
AND GREAT SEA DISASTERS
Edited by Logan Marshall
Pre-Frontispiece Caption: THE TITANIC
The largest and finest steamship in the world; on her maiden voyage, loaded with a human freight of over 2,300 souls, she collided with a huge iceberg 600 miles southeast of Halifax, at 11.40 P.M. Sunday April 14, 1912, and sank two and a half hours later, carrying over 1,600 of her passengers and crew with her.
Frontispiece Caption: CAPTAIN E. J. SMITH
Of the ill-fated giant of the sea; a brave and seasoned commander who was carried to his death with his last and greatest ship.
Sinking of the Titanic and Great Sea Disasters
A Detailed and Accurate Account of the Most Awful Marine Disaster in History, Constructed from the Real Facts as Obtained from Those on Board Who Survived..........
ONLY AUTHORITATIVE BOOK
INCLUDING Records of Previous Great Disasters of the Sea, Descriptions of the Developments of Safety and Life-saving Appliances, a Plain Statement of the Causes of Such Catastrophes and How to Avoid Them, the Marvelous Development of Shipbuilding, etc.
With a Message of Spiritual Consolation by REV. HENRY VAN DYKE, D.D.
EDITED BY LOGAN MARSHALL
Author of "Life of Theodore Roosevelt," etc.
ILLUSTRATED With Numerous Authentic Photographs and Drawings
To the 1635 souls who were lost with the ill-fated Titanic, and especially to those heroic men, who, instead of trying to save themselves, stood aside that women and children might have their chance; of each of them let it be written, as it was written of a Greater One—"He Died that Others might Live"
"I stood in unimaginable trance
And agony that cannot be remembered."—COLERIDGE
Dr. Van Dyke's Spiritual Consolation to the Survivors of the Titanic
The Titanic, greatest of ships, has gone to her ocean grave. What has she left behind her? Think clearly.
She has left debts. Vast sums of money have been lost. Some of them are covered by insurance which will be paid. The rest is gone. All wealth is insecure.
She has left lessons. The risk of running the northern course when it is menaced by icebergs is revealed. The cruelty of sending a ship to sea without enough life-boats and life-rafts to hold her company is exhibited and underlined in black.
She has left sorrows. Hundreds of human hearts and homes are in mourning for the loss of dear companions and friends. The universal sympathy which is written in every face and heard in every voice proves that man is more than the beasts that perish. It is an evidence of the divine in humanity. Why should we care? There is no reason in the world, unless there is something in us that is different from lime and carbon and phosphorus, something that makes us mortals able to suffer together—
"For we have all of us an human heart."
But there is more than this harvest of debts, and lessons, and sorrows, in the tragedy of the sinking of the Titanic. There is a great ideal. It is clearly outlined and set before the mind and heart of the modern world, to approve and follow, or to despise and reject.
It is, "Women and children first!"
Whatever happened on that dreadful April night among the arctic ice, certainly that was the order given by the brave and steadfast captain; certainly that was the law obeyed by the men on the doomed ship. But why? There is no statute or enactment of any nation to enforce such an order. There is no trace of such a rule to be found in the history of ancient civilizations. There is no authority for it among the heathen races to-day. On a Chinese ship, if we may believe the report of an official representative, the rule would have been "Men First, children next, and women last."
There is certainly no argument against this barbaric rule on physical or material grounds. On the average, a man is stronger than a woman, he is worth more than a woman, he has a longer prospect of life than a woman. There is no reason in all the range of physical and economic science, no reason in all the philosophy of the Superman, why he should give his place in the life-boat to a woman.
Where, then, does this rule which prevailed in the sinking Titanic come from? It comes from God, through the faith of Jesus of Nazareth.
It is the ideal of self-sacrifice. It is the rule that "the strong ought to bear the infirmities of those that are weak." It is the divine revelation which is summed up in the words: "Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends."
It needs a tragic catastrophe like the wreck of the Titanic to bring out the absolute contradiction between this ideal and all the counsels of materialism and selfish expediency.
I do not say that the germ of this ideal may not be found in other religions. I do not say that they are against it. I do not ask any man to accept my theology (which grows shorter and simpler as I grow older), unless his heart leads him to it. But this I say: The ideal that the strength of the strong is given them to protect and save the weak, the ideal which animates the rule of "Women and children first," is in essential harmony with the spirit of Christ.
If what He said about our Father in Heaven is true, this ideal is supremely reasonable. Otherwise it is hard to find arguments for it. The tragedy of facts sets the question clearly before us. Think about it. Is this ideal to survive and prevail in our civilization or not?
Without it, no doubt, we may have riches and power and dominion. But what a world to live in!
Only through the belief that the strong are bound to protect and save the weak because God wills it so, can we hope to keep self-sacrifice, and love, and heroism, and all the things that make us glad to live and not afraid to die.
HENRY VAN DYKE.
PRINCETON, N. J., April 18, 1912.
FACTS ABOUT THE WRECK OF THE TITANIC
CHAPTER I. FIRST NEWS OF THE GREATEST MARINE DISASTER IN HISTORY
CHAPTER II. THE MOST SUMPTUOUS PALACE AFLOAT
CHAPTER III. THE MAIDEN VOYAGE OF THE TITANIC
CHAPTER IV. SOME OF THE NOTABLE PASSENGERS
CHAPTER V. THE TITANIC STRIKES AN ICEBERG!
CHAPTER VI. "WOMEN AND CHILDREN FIRST!"
CHAPTER VII. LEFT TO THEIR FATE
CHAPTER VIII. THE CALL FOR HELP HEARD
CHAPTER IX. IN THE DRIFTING LIFE-BOATS
CHAPTER X. ON BOARD THE CARPATHIA
CHAPTER XI. PREPARATIONS ON LAND TO RECEIVE THE SUFFERERS
CHAPTER XII. THE TRAGIC HOME-COMING
LIST OF SURVIVORS
LIST OF SURVIVORS—SECOND CABIN
CHAPTER XIII. THE STORY OF CHARLES F. HURD
CHAPTER XIV. THRILLING ACCOUNT BY L. BEASLEY
CHAPTER XV. JACK THAYER'S OWN STORY OF THE WRECK
CHAPTER XVI. INCIDENTS RELATED BY JAMES McGOUGH
CHAPTER XVII. WIRELESS OPERATOR PRAISES HEROIC WORK
CHAPTER XVIII. STORY OF THE STEWARD
CHAPTER XIX. HOW THE WORLD RECEIVED THE NEWS
CHAPTER XX. BRAVERY OF THE OFFICERS AND CREW
CHAPTER XXI. SEARCHING FOR THE DEAD
LIST OF IDENTIFIED DEAD
CHAPTER XXII. CRITICISM OF ISMAY
CHAPTER XXIII. THE FINANCIAL LOSS
CHAPTER XXIV. OPINIONS OF EXPERTS
CHAPTER XXV. OTHER GREAT MARINE DISASTERS
CHAPTER XXVI. DEVELOPMENT OF SHIPBUILDING
CHAPTER XXVII. SAFETY AND LIFE-SAVING DEVICES
CHAPTER XXVIII. TIME FOR REFLECTION AND REFORMS
CHAPTER XXIX. THE SENATORIAL INVESTIGATION