Beacon Lights of History, Volume IX

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Chủ đề
Ngôn Ngữ Nội Dung Sách
Nhà xuất bản
Năm xuất bản
2003
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***START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK BEACON LIGHTS OF HISTORY, VOLUME IX***

     E-text prepared by Juliet Sutherland, Charlie Kirschner,
 and the Project Gutenberg Online Distributed Proofreading Team
 
     
 

     
 

 LORD'S LECTURES

     
 

     
 

 BEACON LIGHTS OF HISTORY.

 BY JOHN LORD, LL.D.

 AUTHOR OF "THE OLD ROMAN WORLD," "MODERN EUROPE," ETC., ETC.
     
 

 VOLUME IX.

 EUROPEAN STATESMEN.

     
 

     
 

 CONTENTS.

     MIRABEAU.
     THE FRENCH REVOLUTION.
     First act of the Revolution
 Remote causes
 Louis XVI
 Derangement of finances
 Assembly of notables
 Mirabeau; his writings and extraordinary eloquence
 Assembly of States-General
 Usurpation of the Third Estate
 Mirabeau's ascendency
 Paralysis of government
 General disturbances; fall of the Bastille
 Extraordinary reforms by the National Assembly
 Mirabeau's conservatism
 Talleyrand, and confiscation of Church property
 Death of Mirabeau; his characteristics
 Revolutionary violence; the clubs
 The Jacobin orators
 The King arrested
 The King tried, condemned, and executed
 The Reign of Terror
 Robespierre, Marat, Danton
 Reaction
 The Directory
 Napoleon
 What the Revolution accomplished
 What might have been done without it
 Carlyle
 True principles of reform
 The guide of nations
 

     EDMUND BURKE.
     POLITICAL MORALITY.
     Early life and education of Burke
 Studies law
 Essay on "The Sublime and Beautiful"
 First political step
 Enters Parliament
 Debates on American difficulties
 Burke opposes the government
 His remarkable eloquence and wisdom
 Resignation of the ministry
 Burke appointed Paymaster of the Forces
 Leader of his party in the House of Commons
 Debates on India
 Impeachment of Warren Hastings
 Defence of the Irish Catholics
 Speeches in reference to the French Revolution
 Denounces the radical reformers of France
 His one-sided but extraordinary eloquence
 His "Reflections on the French Revolution"
 Mistake in opposing the Revolution with bayonets
 His lofty character
 The legacy of Burke to his nation
 

     NAPOLEON BONAPARTE.
     THE FRENCH EMPIRE.
     Unanimity of mankind respecting the genius of Napoleon
 General opinion of his character
 The greatness of his services
 Napoleon at Toulon
 His whiff of grapeshot
 His defence of the Directory
 Appointed to the army of Italy
 His rapid and brilliant victories
 Delivers France
 Campaign in Egypt
 Renewed disasters during his absence
 Made First Consul
 His beneficent rule as First Consul
 Internal improvements
 Restoration of law
 Vast popularity of Napoleon
 His ambitious designs
 Made Emperor
 Coalition against him
 Renewed war
 Victories of Napoleon
 Peace of Tilsit
 Despair of Europe
 Napoleon dazzled by his own greatness
 Blunders
 Invasion of Spain and Russia
 Conflagration of Moscow and retreat of Napoleon
 The nations arm and attack him
 Humiliation of Napoleon
 Elba and St. Helena
 William the Silent, Washington, and Napoleon
 Lessons of Napoleon's fall
 Napoleonic ideas
 Imperialism hostile to civilization
 

     PRINCE METTERNICH.
     CONSERVATISM.
     Europe in the Napoleonic Era
 Birth and family of Metternich
 University Life
 Metternich in England
 Marriage of Metternich
 Ambassador at Dresden
 Ambassador at Berlin
 Austrian aristocracy
 Metternich at Paris
 Metternich on Napoleon
 Metternich, Chancellor and Prime Minister
 Designs of Napoleon
 Napoleon marries Marie Louise
 Hostility of Metternich
 Frederick William III
 Coalition of Great Powers
 Congress of Vienna
 Subdivision of Napoleon conquests
 Holy Alliance
 Burdens of Metternich
 His political aims
 His hatred of liberty
 Assassination of von Kotzebue
 Insurrection of Naples
 Insurrection of Piedmont
 Spanish Revolution
 Death of Emperor Francis
 Tyranny of Metternich
 His character
 His services
 

     CHATEAUBRIAND.
     THE RESTORATION AND FALL OF THE BOURBONS.
     Restoration of the Bourbons
 Louis XVIII
 Peculiarities of his reign
 Talleyrand
 His brilliant career
 Chateaubriand
 Génie du Christianisme
 Reaction against Republicanism
 Difficulties and embarrassments of the king
 Chateaubriand at Vienna
 His conservatism
 Minister of Foreign Affairs
 His eloquence
 Spanish war
 Septennial Bill
 Fall of Chateaubriand
 His latter days
 Death of Louis XVIII
 His character
 Accession of Charles X
 His tyrannical government
 Villèle
 Laws against the press
 Unpopularity of the king
 His political blindness
 Popular tumults
 Deposition of Charles X
 Rise of great men
 The salons of great ladies
 Kings and queens of society
 Their prodigious influence
 

     GEORGE IV.
     TORYISM.
     Condition of England in 1815
 The aristocracy
 The House of Commons
 The clergy
 The courts of law
 The middle classes
 The working classes
 Ministry of Lord Liverpool
 Lord Castlereagh
 George Canning
 Mr. Perceval
 Regency of the Prince of Wales
 His scandalous private life
 Caroline of Brunswick
 Death of George III
 Canning, Prime Minister
 His great services
 His death
 His character
 Popular agitations
 Catholic association
 Great political leaders
 O'Connell
 Duke of Wellington
 Catholic emancipation
 Latter days of George IV
 His death
 Brilliant constellation of great men
 

     THE GREEK REVOLUTION.
     Universal weariness of war on the fall of Napoleon
 Peace broken by the revolt of the Spanish colonies
 Agitation of political ideas
 Causes of the Greek Revolution
 Apathy of the Great Powers
 State of Greece on the outbreak of the revolution
 Character of the Greeks
 Ypsilanti
 His successes
 Atrocities of the Turks
 Universal rising of the Greeks
 Siege of Tripolitza
 Reverses of the Greeks
 Prince Mavrokordatos
 Ali Pasha
 The massacres at Chios
 Admiral Miaulis
 Marco Bozzaris
 Chourchid Pasha
 Deliverance of the Mona
 Greeks take Napoli di Romania
 Great losses of the Greeks
 Renewed efforts of the Sultan
 Dissensions of the Greek leaders
 Arrival of Lord Byron
 Interest kindled for the Greek cause in England
 London loans
 Siege and fall of Missolonghi
 Interference of Great Powers
 Ibraham Pasha
 Battle of Navarino
 Greek independence
 Capo d'Istrias
 Otho, King of Greece
 Results of the Greek Revolution
 

     LOUIS PHILIPPE.
     THE CITIZEN KING.
     Elevation of Louis Philippe
 His character
 Lafayette
 Lafitte
 Casimir Périer
 Disordered state of France
 Suppression of disorders
 Consolidation of royal power
 Marshal Soult
 Fortification of Paris
 Siege of Antwerp
 Public improvements
 First ministry of Thiers
 First ministry of Count Molé
 Abd-el-Kader
 Storming of Constantine
 Railway mania
 Death of Talleyrand
 Villemain
 Russian and Turkish wars
 Treaty of Unkiar-Skelessi
 Lamartine
 Second administration of Thiers
 Removal of Napoleon's remains
 Guizot, Prime Minister
 Guizot as historian
 Conquest of Algeria
 Death of the Due d'Orléans
 The Spanish marriages
 Progress of corruption
 General discontents
 Dethronement of Louis Philippe
 His inglorious flight
 
 

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