Introduction.—Ethnic and Catholic Religions.
§ 1. Object of the present Work
§ 2. Comparative Theology; its Nature, Value, and present Position
§ 3. Ethnic Religions. Injustice often done to them by Christian Apologists
§ 4. How Ethnic Religions were regarded by Christ and his Apostles
§ 5. Comparative Theology will furnish a new Class of Evidences in Support of Christianity
§ 6. It will show that, while most of the Religions of the World are Ethnic, or the Religions of Races, Christianity is Catholic, or adapted to become the Religion of all Races
§ 7. It will show that Ethnic Religions are partial, Christianity universal
§ 8. It will show that Ethnic Religions are arrested, but that Christianity is steadily progressive
Confucius and the Chinese, or the Prose of Asia.
§ 1. Peculiarities of Chinese Civilization
§ 2. Chinese Government based on Education. Civil-Service Examinations
§ 3. Life and Character of Confucius
§ 4. Philosophy and subsequent Development of Confucianism
§ 5. Lao-tse and Tao-ism
§ 6. Religious Character of the "Kings."
§ 7. Confucius and Christianity. Character of the Chinese
§ 8. The Tae-ping Insurrection
Note. The Nestorian Inscription in China
§ 1. Our Knowledge of Brahmanism. Sir William Jones
§ 2. Difficulty of this Study. The Complexity of the System. The Hindoos have no History. Their Ultra-Spiritualism
§ 3. Helps from Comparative Philology. The Aryans in Central Asia
§ 4. The Aryans in India. The Native Races. The Vedic Age. Theology of the Vedas
§ 5. Second Period. Laws of Manu. The Brahmanic Age
§ 6. The Three Hindoo Systems of Philosophy,—The Sankhya, Vedanta, and Nyasa
§ 7. Origin of the Hindoo Triad
§ 8. The Epics, the Puranas, and Modern Hindoo Worship
§ 9. Relation of Brahmanism to Christianity
Buddhism, or the Protestantism of the East.
§ 1. Buddhism, in its Forms, resembles Romanism; in its Spirit, Protestantism
§ 2. Extent of Buddhism. Its Scriptures
§ 3. Sakya-muni, the Founder of Buddhism
§ 4. Leading Doctrines of Buddhism
§ 5. The Spirit of Buddhism Rational and Humane
§ 6. Buddhism as a Religion
§ 7. Karma and Nirvana
§ 8. Good and Evil of Buddhism
§ 9. Relation of Buddhism to Christianity
Zoroaster and the Zend Avesta.
§ 1. Ruins of the Palace of Xerxes at Persepolis
§ 2. Greek Accounts of Zoroaster. Plutarch's Description of his Religion
§ 3. Anquetil du Perron and his Discovery of the Zend Avesta
§ 4. Epoch of Zoroaster. What do we know of him?
§ 5. Spirit of Zoroaster and of his Religion
§ 6. Character of the Zend Avesta
§ 7. Later Development of the System in the Bundehesch
§ 8. Relation of the Religion of the Zend Avesta to that of the Vedas
§ 9. Is Monotheism or pure Dualism the Doctrine of the Zend Avesta
§ 10. Relation of this System to Christianity. The Kingdom of Heaven
The Gods of Egypt.
§ 1. Antiquity and Extent of Egyptian Civilization
§ 2. Religious Character of the Egyptians. Their Ritual
§ 3. Theology of Egypt. Sources of our Knowledge concerning it
§ 4. Central Idea of Egyptian Theology and Religion. Animal Worship
§ 5. Sources of Egyptian Theology. Age of the Empire and Affinities of the Race
§ 6. The Three Orders of Gods
§ 7. Influence upon Judaism and Christianity
The Gods Of Greece.
§ 1. The Land and the Race
§ 2. Idea and general Character of Greek Religion
§ 3. The Gods of Greece before Homer
§ 4. The Gods of the Poets
§ 5. The Gods of the Artists
§ 6. The Gods of the Philosophers
§ 7. Worship of Greece
§ 8. The Mysteries. Orphism
§ 9. Relation of Greek Religion to Christianity
The Religion of Rome.
§ 1. Origin and essential Character of the Religion of Rome
§ 2. The Gods of Rome
§ 3. Worship and Ritual
§ 4. The Decay of the Roman Religion
§ 5. Relation of the Roman Religion to Christianity
The Teutonic and Scandinavian Religion.
§ 1. The Land and the Race
§ 2. Idea of the Scandinavian Religion
§ 3. The Eddas and their Contents
§ 4. The Gods of Scandinavia
§ 5. Resemblance of the Scandinavian Mythology to that of Zoroaster
§ 6. Scandinavian Worship
§ 7. Social Character, Maritime Discoveries, and Political Institutions of the Scandinavians
§ 8. Relation of this System to Christianity
The Jewish Religion.
§ 1. Palestine, and the Semitic Races
§ 2. Abraham; or, Judaism as the Family Worship of a Supreme Being
§ 3. Moses; or, Judaism as the national Worship of a just and holy King
§ 4. David; or, Judaism as the personal Worship of a Father and Friend
§ 5. Solomon; or, the Religious Relapse
§ 6. The Prophets; or, Judaism as a Hope of a spiritual and universal Kingdom of God
§ 7. Judaism as a Preparation for Christianity
Mohammed and Islam.
§ 1. Recent Works on the Life of Mohammed
§ 2. The Arabs and Arabia
§ 3. Early Life of Mohammed, to the Hegira
§ 4. Change in the Character of Mohammed after the Hegira
§ 5. Religious Doctrines and Practices among the Mohammedans
§ 6. The Criticism of Mr. Palgrave on Mohammedan Theology
§ 7. Mohammedanism a Relapse; the worst Form of Monotheism, and a retarding Element in Civilization
The Ten Religions and Christianity.
§ 1. General Results of this Survey
§ 2. Christianity a Pleroma, or Fulness of Life
§ 3. Christianity, as a Pleroma, compared with Brahmanism, Confucianism, and Buddhism
§ 4. Christianity compared with the Avesta and the Eddas. The Duad in all Religions
§ 5. Christianity and the Religions of Egypt, Greece, and Rome
§ 6. Christianity in Relation to Judaism and Mohammedanism. The Monad in all Religions
§ 7. The Fulness of Christianity is derived from the Life of Jesus
§ 8. Christianity as a Religion of Progress and of universal Unity